Season 19 Final Jeopardy! Round clues (228 clues archived)

#4365, aired 2003-07-18PEOPLE IN GOVERNMENT: Her first name comes from an Italian musical term meaning to play "with sweetness" Condoleezza Rice
#4364, aired 2003-07-17PEOPLE: He said, "I... really never considered myself a TV star. I always thought I was a neighbor who just came in for a visit" Fred Rogers (of Mister Rogers' Neighborhood)
#4363, aired 2003-07-16RECENT MOVIES: The opening credits of this 2003 action movie are depicted in Braille Daredevil
#4362, aired 2003-07-15THE CABINET: This department contains the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the Secret Service & the Coast Guard Department of Homeland Security
#4361, aired 2003-07-14MAGAZINES: For its 1st swimsuit edition in 2003, it covered 100 years of the swimsuit & included a 1917 photo of topless island women National Geographic
#4360, aired 2003-07-11FICTIONAL PLACES: Wilton, Connecticut, a quiet, affluent town near New York City, was the basis for this title town in a 1972 novel Stepford
#4359, aired 2003-07-10ANIMALS: Odobenus, the genus name of this animal, comes from the Greek for "one who walks with his teeth" walrus
#4358, aired 2003-07-09COMPUTERS: In 2003 Dell made this computer part on its PCs an option; Apple had stopped including it on Macintoshes 5 years earlier floppy (or 3 1/2 inch) disk drive
#4357, aired 2003-07-08POP MUSIC: Take 2 letters off a Beatles song title & you get this title of Paul McCartney's 2002 live CD of his American tour Back in the U.S.
#4356, aired 2003-07-07HISTORIC AMERICANS: He turned down an appointment as a U.S. senator in 1875 because it meant accepting a pardon for treason Jefferson Davis
#4355, aired 2003-07-04BUSINESS BIGGIES: In January 2003 this company based in Oak Brook, Illinois reported its first ever quarterly loss McDonald's
#4354, aired 2003-07-03OPERA: Title character of a 1787 opera who says he needs women "more than the food I eat,... than the very air I breathe" Don Juan (or Don Giovanni)
#4353, aired 2003-07-02THE BODY HUMAN: At about 63%, there are more atoms of this element than any other in your body hydrogen
#4352, aired 2003-07-01THE MOVIES: (Alex Trebek delivers the Final clue.) Parts of this 1985 movie were filmed right here in Karen, a suburb of Nairobi Out of Africa
#4351, aired 2003-06-305-LETTER WORDS: Term for an opinion or edict issued by a mufti or 'ulama; a famous one was issued in 1989 fatwa
#4350, aired 2003-06-27SONG TITLES: The inspiration for this 1964 hit posed alone for the Brazil edition of Playboy in 1987 & with her daughter in 2003 "The Girl from Ipanema"
#4349, aired 2003-06-26WORD ORIGINS: This word that begins with the Greek word for "all" was coined by John Milton & means "tumultuous disorder" pandemonium
#4348, aired 2003-06-25TELEVISION: In Apple's I-Movie program, the effect seen here that's done with photos is named for this TV filmmaker Ken Burns
#4347, aired 2003-06-24HOLIDAYS & OBSERVANCES: This observance began as a day to eat up all the stuff in your home you couldn't eat for the next 40 days Mardi Gras (Fat Tuesday)
#4346, aired 2003-06-23U.S. HISTORY: For evading taxes on profits earned, former CIA agent Thomas Clines was the only one sent to prison over this scandal Iran-Contra
#4345, aired 2003-06-20FORMER WORLD LEADERS: Filling out her application to run in 1986, this widowed mother of 5 listed her occupation as housewife Corazon Aquino (of the Philippines)
#4344, aired 2003-06-19FRUIT: From Greek for "finger", the Arabs claim it has as many culinary & pharmaceutical uses as days in a year the date
#4343, aired 2003-06-18LITERARY TITLE CHARACTERS: Fanny Squeers called him Knuckleboy Nicholas Nickleby
#4342, aired 2003-06-17DISNEY FILMS: Disney theme park attractions based on this 1960 film flew the flag seen here Swiss Family Robinson
#4341, aired 2003-06-16BUSINESS BIGGIES: Founded in 1898 when several cracker companies merged, in 2000 it passed from one tobacco company to another Nabisco (it went from R.J. Reynolds to Philip Morris)
#4340, aired 2003-06-13FAMOUS NAMES: The first & middle names of this wealthy man who died in 1975 were those of people who died in 322 B.C. & 399 B.C. Aristotle (Socrates) Onassis
#4339, aired 2003-06-12MUSEUMS: The detail seen here is from a painting in this museum the Prado
#4338, aired 2003-06-11SCIENTIFIC THEORIES: Edward Lorenz' idea of linking this creature to changes in the weather became the basis of chaos theory the butterfly
#4337, aired 2003-06-102001 NEWS: On May 9, 2001 he signed a state law banning punch-card voting Jeb Bush (governor of Florida)
#4336, aired 2003-06-09TIME'S MAN OF THE YEAR: The only man named Time's Man of the Year 2 straight years, he shared the distinction with Kissinger in 1972 Richard M. Nixon
#4335, aired 2003-06-06CANDY: Bill Harmsen, who raised horses in Colo., happily founded this candy co. in 1949 to make money during the winter Jolly Rancher
#4334, aired 2003-06-05FIRST NAMES: This name of a character in a 1904 play was inspired by a real little girl's way of saying the word "friend" Wendy (from Peter Pan)
#4333, aired 2003-06-04MAP READING: It's the latitude of the South Pole 90 degrees south
#4332, aired 2003-06-03MEDICAL PRODUCTS: On June 12, 2001 Johnson & Johnson relaunched this brand with a ceremony in a Missouri city St. Joseph aspirin
#4331, aired 2003-06-02ACTRESSES: She was fined 20,000 francs for "inciting racial hatred" by denouncing a religious practice of killing sheep Brigitte Bardot
#4330, aired 2003-05-30U.S. CITIES: It's the largest U.S. city in population that's named for an American individual Houston
#4329, aired 2003-05-29PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS: The only 2 Democratic presidents defeated for reelection since the Civil War Grover Cleveland & Jimmy Carter
#4328, aired 2003-05-28PSYCHOLOGY: Partly from the Greek algos, "pain", it was first noted in 1688 in Swiss soldiers fighting far from home nostalgia
#4327, aired 2003-05-27CLASSIC LITERATURE: "A Bird's Eye View of Paris" & "The Bells" are chapters in this 1831 novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame
#4326, aired 2003-05-26INSPIRATIONS FOR MUSICALS: In 2002 this novel by C.Y. Lee, first published in 1957, was re-released with a new introduction by David Henry Hwang Flower Drum Song
#4325, aired 2003-05-23FILM ROLES: Dick Powell, Robert Mitchum & Elliott Gould have all played this character on film Philip Marlowe
#4324, aired 2003-05-22ECONOMIC HISTORY: Before the first income tax was levied, the U.S. government got 90% of its revenue in the form of these tariffs
#4323, aired 2003-05-21WORLD CITIES: The food item that some named for Vienna, others named for this city 400 miles away Frankfurt
#4322, aired 2003-05-20MEN OF MEDICINE: In 1891 he helped found & became the first chairman of the British Institute of Preventive Medicine Joseph Lister ("Father of Antiseptic Surgery")
#4321, aired 2003-05-19AWARDS: The organization that sponsored the Stage Door Canteens during WWII is now known for these annual awards Tony Awards
#4320, aired 2003-05-16DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE SIGNERS: On the list of the signers, 2 of the 3 last names that appear twice (2 of) Adams, Lee & Morris
#4319, aired 2003-05-15GOVERNORS: In 1967 she became the first woman governor of a state east of the Mississippi River Lurleen B. Wallace (of Alabama)
#4318, aired 2003-05-14WORLD GEOGRAPHY: Heads of state Jiang Zemin & Jorge Sampaio were on hand when this territory changed hands in Dec. 1999 Macau
#4317, aired 2003-05-13WORLD CITIES: According to U.N. data, it's the world's most populous city named for a person São Paulo, Brazil
#4316, aired 2003-05-12MOVIE INDUSTRY HISTORY: The company that produced most of Marion Davies' films was named for this magazine; the same person owned both Cosmopolitan
#4315, aired 2003-05-09ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY: Emperor Constantine commissioned several of these buildings, named from the Greek for "royal house" basilicas
#4314, aired 2003-05-08NATIONAL STATUARY HALL: Both partly of Cherokee descent, they're the 2 men whose statues represent Oklahoma in the U.S. Capitol Will Rogers & Sequoyah
#4313, aired 2003-05-07FAMOUS ESTATES: After the U.S. government declined to buy this estate & tomb, a ladies association bought it for $200,000 in 1858 Mount Vernon
#4312, aired 2003-05-06LEGAL HISTORY: After killing his wife's lover in Washington, D.C. in 1859, Rep. Daniel Sickles was the 1st to claim this, a 2-word term temporary insanity
#4311, aired 2003-05-05HISTORIC OCCASIONS: On December 1, 1990 Philippe Cozette & Graham Fagg had a historic handshake here the Chunnel (train tunnel under the English Channel between England & France)
#4310, aired 2003-05-02CELEBRITY AUCTIONS: A 1999 sale of her effects included a baseball signed by one husband & a conversion certificate signed by her last Marilyn Monroe
#4309, aired 2003-05-01GOVERNMENT AGENCIES: In 2000 Emma Peel's leather pants & Maxwell Smart's shoe phone were on display at this agency that's not open to the public the CIA
#4308, aired 2003-04-30FAMILIAR PHRASES: This phrase meaning "discuss the most important matter" dates back to 1920s movie editing cut to the chase
#4307, aired 2003-04-29FILMS OF THE '60s: In the top films of 2 consecutive years in the 1960s, she played a nanny & a governess Julie Andrews
#4306, aired 2003-04-28TRANSPORTATION: On December 11, 1967 it was removed from the British registry & turned over to the city of Long Beach, California the Queen Mary
#4305, aired 2003-04-25OCCUPATIONS: Called the first U.S. stewardess, Ellen Church later went back to this old job, something the 1st stews had to be nurse
#4304, aired 2003-04-24POLITICAL JARGON: This 2-word term was first used to describe advisors who spoke to the press after a 1984 Reagan-Mondale debate spin doctors
#4303, aired 2003-04-23CHARACTERS: Person missing from: Rossweisse, Ortlinde, Siegrune, Grimgerde, Helmwige, Gerhilde, Waltraute & Schwertleite Brunhilde (one of the Valkyries)
#4302, aired 2003-04-22MUSICALS: The 2 longest-running musicals in Broadway history; Cameron Mackintosh produced both of them Cats & Les Miserables
#4301, aired 2003-04-21SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS: French physicist Leon Foucault gave it its name, which is from the Greek for "to view the rotation" gyroscope
#4300, aired 2003-04-18ORGANIZATIONS: "Climb the mountains and get their good tidings" was a goal of this group at its 19th century founding Sierra Club
#4299, aired 2003-04-17CELEBRITY RELATIVES: Over the end credits of "Confessions of a Dangerous Mind" she sings "There's No Business Like Show Business" Rosemary Clooney
#4298, aired 2003-04-16THE SECRET SERVICE: This 20th century U.S. president was the first to receive full-time protection from the Secret Service Theodore Roosevelt
#4297, aired 2003-04-15WORLD LEADERS: On June 18, 1940, the day of Churchill's "finest hour" speech, this leader made his first broadcast from London Charles de Gaulle
#4296, aired 2003-04-14MOUNTAINS: All of the mountains in the U.S. over 14,500 feet are in this state Alaska
#4295, aired 2003-04-11AFRICAN COUNTRIES: 2 of the 3 4-letter countries of Africa (2 of) Chad, Mali, & Togo
#4294, aired 2003-04-10HISPANIC AMERICANS: He won the USA's only boxing gold medal at the 1992 Olympics Oscar De La Hoya
#4293, aired 2003-04-0920th CENTURY WORDS: Walter Cronkite said it was first used in 1952 for "Not exactly a reporter, not exactly a commentator" anchorman
#4292, aired 2003-04-08OSCAR-WINNING FILMS: This 1995 double Oscar winner takes its title from a line used by Claude Rains in 1942's "Casablanca" The Usual Suspects
#4291, aired 2003-04-07AMERICAN LITERATURE: Author of the 1889 novel that opens, "Camelot, Camelot... I don't seem to remember hearing of it before" Mark Twain
#4290, aired 2003-04-04FOOD SCIENCE: In 2002 Japanese scientists discovered it contains the enzyme Lachrymatory-Factor Synthase onions
#4289, aired 2003-04-03U.S. PRESIDENTS: He was the first U.S. president not of British descent Martin Van Buren
#4288, aired 2003-04-02CANADIAN GEOGRAPHY: One of the only 2 Canadian provinces that do not border a saltwater ocean or bay Alberta or Saskatchewan
#4287, aired 2003-04-01WORDS: It's the common English word that is pronounced differently when it becomes the name of a language polish/Polish
#4286, aired 2003-03-31ANCIENT EGYPTIAN CUSTOMS: When a pharaoh died, his heart was carved out & replaced with a stone rendering of this tiny creature a scarab beetle
#4285, aired 2003-03-28IN THE NEWS: In 1951 Elizabeth II attended one of these in Canada; she attended her next one, also in Canada, on October 6, 2002 hockey game
#4284, aired 2003-03-27BESTSELLING AUTHORS: The main library at the University of Northern Colorado is named for this alumnus who wrote an epic of Colorado in 1974 James Michener (the novel was "Centennial")
#4283, aired 2003-03-262002 POP STARS: In September 2002 she set a Billboard record with her first-ever single, jumping from its debut at No. 52 to No. 1 Kelly Clarkson
#4282, aired 2003-03-2520th CENTURY PRESIDENTS: He's the only U.S. president whose first, middle & last names each have the same number of letters Ronald Wilson Reagan
#4281, aired 2003-03-24THE 7 WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD: Of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World, this one was the smallest Statue of Zeus at Olympia
#4278, aired 2003-03-19ALL GOD'S CREATURES: Edison proposed a flying machine based on the flight of this creature, also the subject of a musical work bumblebee
#4277, aired 2003-03-18PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS: In the 20th C., one of the 2 men who've lost as both presidential & vice presidential nominee of a major party Bob Dole or Walter Mondale
#4276, aired 2003-03-17SCIENCE: As it has no mass, this particle travels at about 186,000 miles per second photon
#4275, aired 2003-03-14THE MOVIES: The DVD of this 1961 film includes "picture-in-picture commentary on how to make the trick shots" The Hustler
#4274, aired 2003-03-13EARLY AMERICAN HISTORY: On Sept. 8, 1565 the first Catholic parish in what is now the U.S. was founded at this settlement St. Augustine (in Florida)
#4273, aired 2003-03-12TELEVISION: Milli Vanilli was the first subject of this series, which came from questions like whatever happened to Milli Vanilli Behind the Music
#4272, aired 2003-03-11ACTRESSES IN HISTORY: She was born Emilie Charlotte Le Breton on the island of Jersey in 1853 Lillie Langtry
#4271, aired 2003-03-10U.S. COINS: These 2 states both have airplanes from the 20th century's first decade on their quarters North Carolina & Ohio (as a tribute to the Wright Brothers)
#4270, aired 2003-03-07SUMMER OLYMPIC VENUES: The only time the host country failed to win a gold medal was at the Olympics held in this Western Hemisphere city Montreal (1976)
#4269, aired 2003-03-06AGRICULTURE: The Norse were impressed by these in North America, but they weren't grown profitably in North America until around 1850 grapes
#4268, aired 2003-03-05CLASSIC SONGS: Originally called "Prima Donna", it was renamed for a Renaissance painting & won an Oscar "Mona Lisa"
#4267, aired 2003-03-04MILITARY AVIATION: In 1911 this nation was the 1st to use powered aircraft for military purposes when it spied on Turkish activities in Libya Italy
#4266, aired 2003-03-03THE NEW WORLD: All that is known about her life is limited to 9 days in August 1587 Virginia Dare (the first child born in America of English parents)
#4265, aired 2003-02-28THE USA: In area, they're the largest & smallest states that joined the Union in the 19th century Texas & West Virginia
#4264, aired 2003-02-27ADVERTISING ICONS: Of Advertising Age's Top 10 Advertising Icons of the 20th Century, one of the 3 that are animals Elsie the Cow, the Energizer Bunny or Tony the Tiger
#4263, aired 2003-02-26THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE: Of the Central American countries, it has the highest percentage of people of African descent Belize
#4262, aired 2003-02-25AMERICAN NOVELS: Chapter III of this 1826 novel is prefaced by a quote from the poem "An Indian at the Burial-Place of His Fathers" "The Last of the Mohicans"
#4261, aired 2003-02-24THE 1960s: On September 26, 1960 these 2 men squared off in the studios of WBBM in Chicago John F. Kennedy & Richard Nixon
#4260, aired 2003-02-21AMERICAN NOVELS: The narrator of this 1951 novel first appeared in the short stories "I'm Crazy" & "Slight Rebellion off Madison" "Catcher in the Rye" (the narrator being Holden Caulfield)
#4259, aired 2003-02-20TOP ATHLETES: On ESPN's list of the 50 top athletes of the 20th century, this woman is the highest-ranked female Babe Didrikson Zaharias
#4258, aired 2003-02-19COMPANY NAMES: This company was named for the sound made by its top product -- a slingshot hitting its target Wham-O
#4257, aired 2003-02-18NUMERICAL PHRASES: Number & type of musical instruments hanging from a Mason City, Iowa ceiling, a tribute to a native son 76 trombones
#4256, aired 2003-02-17FILMS OF THE '70s: This '71 film opens on the words "To the police officers of San Francisco who gave their lives in the line of duty" Dirty Harry
#4255, aired 2003-02-14FAMOUS AMERICANS: James Fenimore Cooper based the character of Natty Bumppo on this man who was born in 1734 Daniel Boone
#4254, aired 2003-02-13FIRST NAMES: Once considered too sacred to use, it was later the top girl's name from 1880 to the 1940s Mary
#4253, aired 2003-02-12NEW ENGLAND: It's the only state in New England that doesn't border the Atlantic Ocean Vermont
#4252, aired 2003-02-11FICTIONAL CHARACTERS: In works written about 300 years apart, Nick Bottom & Pinocchio find themselves transformed into these donkeys
#4251, aired 2003-02-10WORLD GEOGRAPHY: The world's highest city of over 1 million people sits at about 12,000 feet in these mountains the Andes
#4250, aired 2003-02-07THE HISTORY OF CLIFFS NOTES: In 1985 Cliffs Notes' "The Scarlet Letter" retook the top-selling spot; this book had briefly replaced it "1984"
#4249, aired 2003-02-06HISTORIC AMERICAN PLACES: Over 260,000 people have been buried here, starting in 1864 Arlington National Cemetery
#4248, aired 2003-02-05NATURE: The propagation of oak trees depends on the lousy memories of these animals squirrels
#4247, aired 2003-02-04INTERNATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC: By size, it's the largest country that borders only one other country Canada (borders only the United States)
#4246, aired 2003-02-03HISTORIC AMERICANS: Elizabeth Shoumatoff was sketching his portrait when he fell unconscious April 12, 1945; he died 2 hours later Franklin Delano Roosevelt
#4245, aired 2003-01-31AUTHORS: In September 2002 he offered $10,000 to help capture the person who burned down Iowa's Cedar Bridge Robert James Waller (author of "The Bridges of Madison County")
#4244, aired 2003-01-30FICTIONAL CHARACTERS: A Nagasaki geisha who had a child with a man named Glover was the model for this title character Madame Butterfly
#4243, aired 2003-01-29TRANSPORTATION: In 1936 the man who beat Joe Louis returned home on the famous craft named this the Hindenburg
#4242, aired 2003-01-28AMERICANA: In June 1885 it made a historic transatlantic voyage in 214 crates on the frigate Isere Statue of Liberty
#4241, aired 2003-01-27THE TOWER OF LONDON: Only prisoners of high rank were executed here on Tower Green, & this woman was the first queen beheaded here Anne Boleyn
#4240, aired 2003-01-24BRAND NAMES: Robert Chesebrough named this brand for the German word for water & the Greek word for olive oil Vaseline
#4239, aired 2003-01-23HISTORIC NAMES: In 2002 Christie's auctioned off his own account of his 48-day journey & his coconut cup with the date April 1789 on it Captain William Bligh (after he got bounced off the Bounty)
#4238, aired 2003-01-22THE GLOBE: Of the more than a dozen countries through which the equator passes, this country stretches farthest south Brazil
#4237, aired 2003-01-21POPULAR SYMBOLS: Starting in the 1860s, this cartoonist gave us the modern image of Santa Claus Thomas Nast
#4236, aired 2003-01-20PATRON SAINTS: It's believed that this patron saint founded many monasteries, including one at Mynyw Saint David
#4235, aired 2003-01-17BROADWAY MUSICALS: In 1999 this Broadway musical was advertised with the line: "Before the Century Ends, See How It All Began" Ragtime
#4234, aired 2003-01-16ELEGANT WORDS: It may come from a ship travel acronym for port windows on the outward journey & starboard coming home posh (portside out, starboard home)
#4233, aired 2003-01-1518th CENTURY NAMES: He's the Frenchman seen here in a detail from a portrait by Jacques-Louis David Antoine Lavoisier
#4232, aired 2003-01-14LOGOS & TRADEMARKS: This brand's famous logo originally represented Vulcan about to strike his anvil Arm & Hammer
#4231, aired 2003-01-13NUTRITION: By virtue of the great quantity eaten, this vegetable is the leading source of vitamin C in the American diet potato
#4230, aired 2003-01-10NONFICTION BOOKS: "The Road to Middle-Earth" is a book about this writer J.R.R. Tolkien
#4229, aired 2003-01-09WORLD CAPITALS: 1 of the 3 national capitals in the Western Hemisphere that have "City" in their English names (1 of 3) Guatemala City, Mexico City or Panama City
#4228, aired 2003-01-08U.S. PRESIDENTS: He was the first president to use a middle name John Quincy Adams
#4227, aired 2003-01-07ANIMALS: What the Germans call a Bambusbar, we generally call this a panda bear
#4226, aired 2003-01-06STATE CAPITALS: One of the 2 state capitals whose names end with the letter "U" Juneau, Alaska or Honolulu, Hawaii
#4225, aired 2003-01-03CLASSIC LITERATURE: In this 3-part work, the main character encounters Nimrod, Ulysses, Muhammad & Thomas Aquinas "The Divine Comedy"
#4224, aired 2003-01-02ACADEMY AWARD WINNERS: She won many Oscars, including those for 1949's "The Heiress", 1951's "A Place in the Sun" & 1973's "The Sting" Edith Head
#4223, aired 2003-01-01U.S. STATES: It only has 3 communities with a population over 15,000 & is the least populous state east of the Mississippi Vermont
#4222, aired 2002-12-31SOUTH AMERICA: Alphabetically, they're the first & last of the 7 countries where the Andes are found Argentina & Venezuela
#4221, aired 2002-12-30BUSINESS GIANTS: Highly diversified, it's the only co. in the Dow Jones Industrial Average that was included in the original index of 1896 General Electric
#4220, aired 2002-12-27IN THE DICTIONARY: This 5-letter word can refer to one type of work by a composer, or to several works of different types opera
#4219, aired 2002-12-26TOYS & GAMES: It was inspired by support for economist Henry George's idea that only land should be taxed Monopoly
#4218, aired 2002-12-25ISLAND COUNTRIES: In 2002 State Dept. spokesman Richard Boucher called it "The first new nation of the new millennium" East Timor
#4217, aired 2002-12-24U.S. STATES: This state is 2nd in blueberry production, 3rd in cranberries, 4th in peaches but 1st in chemical production New Jersey
#4216, aired 2002-12-23OSCAR WINNERS: She's the first woman to win 2 Best Actress Oscars before the age of 30 Luise Rainer
#4215, aired 2002-12-20GREEK GODS: Isthmia in Corinth was the site of the sanctuary of this Greek god Poseidon
#4214, aired 2002-12-19TV & MUSIC: Scooby-Doo's name was inspired by a line in this 1966 song standard "Strangers in the Night"
#4213, aired 2002-12-1820th CENTURY U.S. PRESIDENTS: This president shares his middle name with the name of a 1st C. Jewish theologian mentioned in the New Testament Warren Gamaliel Harding
#4212, aired 2002-12-17SCIENCE: It takes approximately 24,840 mph to achieve this escaping the Earth's gravity (& go off into outer space, on your way to the Moon, for instance)
#4211, aired 2002-12-16FORTUNE 500 COMPANIES: As its packaging reflects, this company began marketing its products from an Iowa cattle farm in 1985 Gateway
#4210, aired 2002-12-13U.S. HISTORY: In 1992 Nathan E. Cook, the last veteran of this war, died the Spanish-American War
#4209, aired 2002-12-12OSCAR-WINNING DIRECTORS: He's the last person to win the Best Director Oscar for a film in which he also starred Mel Gibson (for Braveheart)
#4208, aired 2002-12-11NATIONAL FLAGS: Over its 200-plus years, this country has had 28 different flags, a record for any country United States of America
#4207, aired 2002-12-10THE SPACE PROGRAM: In 1979 NASA officials received a fine for littering from a small town in this country Australia
#4206, aired 2002-12-09WORDS: This common expression of distress comes from an English representation of the French for "help me" Mayday
#4205, aired 2002-12-0620th CENTURY CLASSICAL MUSIC: This work written in 1931 consists of 5 movements including "On the Trail" & "Painted Desert" "Grand Canyon Suite" (by Ferde Grofe)
#4204, aired 2002-12-05PSYCHOLOGICAL TERMS: From the Greek for "womb", this disorder was once thought to be peculiar to women hysteria
#4203, aired 2002-12-04THE WHITE HOUSE: In February 2000 the White House Press Briefing Room was named in this man's honor James Brady
#4202, aired 2002-12-03WASHINGTON, D.C.: The National Mall is bounded by these 2 avenues whose names recall historic documents Constitution & Independence Avenues
#4201, aired 2002-12-022002 NEWS: These 2 men, both christened Paul, made news when they visited Africa together in May 2002 Bono & Treasury Secretary Paul O'Neill
#4200, aired 2002-11-29AFRICA: 1 of the 2 current African nations that were independent at the start of the 20th century Liberia or Ethiopia
#4199, aired 2002-11-28THE CALENDAR: Rendered numerically, it was the last complete date where every digit was an odd number 11-19-1999
#4198, aired 2002-11-27U.S. PRESIDENTS: 1 of the 3 U.S. Presidents to run on a third-party ticket after having already served as president (1 of) Teddy Roosevelt, Martin Van Buren & Millard Fillmore
#4197, aired 2002-11-26POLITICIANS: Name of the man who would serve as chief executive if President Bush & Vice President Cheney were incapacitated Dennis Hastert (Speaker of the House)
#4196, aired 2002-11-25POTENT POTABLES: This brand won a top prize at the 1893 Chicago Expo & has carried the award in its name ever since Pabst Blue Ribbon beer
#4195, aired 2002-11-22CLASSICAL MUSIC: 1 of the 2 planets of the solar system not represented in Gustav Holst's 1916 work "The Planets" Earth or Pluto
#4194, aired 2002-11-21AMERICAN LITERATURE: One of the original titles of this 1925 novel was "Among Ash Heaps and Millionaires" The Great Gatsby
#4193, aired 2002-11-20AMERICANA: Baptist minister Francis Bellamy penned this oath in 1892 to reflect his Christian Socialist beliefs the Pledge of Allegiance
#4192, aired 2002-11-19IN THE NEWS: So far some of its major components are Zarya, Unity, Zvezda & Canadarm2 International Space Station (ISS)
#4191, aired 2002-11-18THE PRESIDENCY: He was the first man to become U.S. president as a result of the 25th Amendment Gerald Ford
#4190, aired 2002-11-15BIOGRAPHIES: A 2001 biography of this man is subtitled "Pioneer of the Mind" Sigmund Freud
#4189, aired 2002-11-14LITERARY INSPIRATIONS: In 2002, at age 104, Gregorio Fuentes, an inspiration for this tale, died in the Cuban fishing village of Cojimar "The Old Man and the Sea"
#4188, aired 2002-11-13COMPUTER HISTORY: IBM engineer Dave Bradley is called the father of this multi-key combination Control-Alt-Delete
#4187, aired 2002-11-12AMERICAN LEGAL HISTORY: 5 of the women condemned in Salem in 1692 were finally exonerated by a bill signed on this day in 2001 Halloween (October 31)
#4186, aired 2002-11-11THEORIES OF SCIENCE: Physicist John Wheeler compared possible passages through space & time to the work of this creature a worm
#4185, aired 2002-11-08STATE CAPITALS: In the continental United States, this city is the southernmost state capital Austin, Texas (Tallahassee is a very close second, Baton Rouge, third)
#4184, aired 2002-11-07HISTORIC BOOKS: Published in 1611, the Pilgrims in 1620 refused to bring it to America; they brought the Geneva version King James Bible
#4183, aired 2002-11-06AUTHORS: In September 1941 this author christened the warship Atlanta, also known as "The Mighty A" Margaret Mitchell
#4182, aired 2002-11-05FAMOUS PHRASES: Phrase associated with very dissimilar events of April 19, 1775 & October 3, 1951 the "Shot Heard 'Round the World"
#4181, aired 2002-11-04OFFICIAL LANGUAGES: It is an official language of about 30 countries, second only to English French
#4180, aired 2002-11-01BUSINESS GEOGRAPHY: The U.S. company that now has the greatest revenues is HQ'd in this state that's near the bottom in household income Arkansas (Wal-Mart)
#4179, aired 2002-10-31HISTORIC CONGRESSMEN: Armed Services Committee head Carl Vinson was the first living American for whom the government named 1 of these ship/aircraft carrier
#4178, aired 2002-10-30CABLE TELEVISION: 2002's "A Season on the Brink" was this cable network's first original movie ESPN/ESPN2
#4177, aired 2002-10-29NOTABLE NAMES: His last direct descendant was a granddaughter, Elizabeth Hall, born to John & Susanna Hall in 1608 William Shakespeare
#4176, aired 2002-10-28DOUBLE MEANINGS: Used one way, this word is one of the official titles of the Pope; used another, it's an order of mammals primate
#4175, aired 2002-10-25NATURAL WONDERS: Given its current name by John Wesley Powell, it was called Kaibab, or "mountain lying down" by the Paiutes the Grand Canyon
#4174, aired 2002-10-24HISTORIC PHRASES: Sidney Sherman, who died in Texas in 1873, is credited with coining this 3-word phrase "Remember the Alamo"
#4173, aired 2002-10-23AMERICANA: It's made yearly by Tiffany out of 7 pounds of silver; since 2001 one in Baltimore has been touched by some 250,000 fans The Vince Lombardi Trophy (emblematic of winning the Super Bowl)
#4172, aired 2002-10-22WOMEN AUTHORS: A line in her first novel reads, "I am to replace my mother, whose seat at the mah jong table has been empty" Amy Tan (The Joy Luck Club)
#4171, aired 2002-10-21PEOPLE: A British airport recently named for him features a logo with the words "Above Us Only Sky" John Lennon
#4170, aired 2002-10-18U.S. GEOGRAPHY: It's the westernmost state to border any of the Great Lakes Minnesota
#4169, aired 2002-10-17MODERN-DAY KNIGHTS: At the Knights of the Garter's Chapel, the heraldic crest representing this man depicts a kiwi with an axe Sir Edmund Hillary
#4168, aired 2002-10-16FAMOUS AMERICANS: In 1920 this man, great-grandson of Sauk leader Black Hawk, became the first president of what is now the NFL Jim Thorpe
#4167, aired 2002-10-15FIELDS OF SCIENCE: Ludwig Prandtl, an expert in wind tunnel & wing design, is called "The Father of" this aviation-related field aerodynamics
#4166, aired 2002-10-14COMPOSERS: His Rococo-style summer house in Prague is nicknamed "America" Antonin Dvorak
#4165, aired 2002-10-11FAMOUS AMERICANS: In 1785 he wrote that "After fifty years' service in public affairs", he wanted to "make plenty of experiments" Benjamin Franklin
#4164, aired 2002-10-10ADVERTISING: In 2002 H&R Block used a version of this 1966 song in its TV commercials "Taxman"
#4163, aired 2002-10-09THE CENSUS: The 1930 U.S. Census was the first to ask if residents owned one of these & 12 million were counted a radio
#4162, aired 2002-10-081896: This venture was financed by the sale of souvenir stamps & medals & a large donation from businessman Georgios Averoff the Olympic Games (first of the modern era)
#4161, aired 2002-10-07MOVIE MUSIC: The end credits for this 1998 film with Woody Allen feature the song "High Hopes" Antz
#4160, aired 2002-10-04U.S. PRESIDENTS: A Civil War general, he was the last man to go directly from the House of Representatives to the presidency James A. Garfield
#4159, aired 2002-10-03CATCHPHRASES: Maiden name of author Edith Wharton, whose social-climbing family may have inspired a catchphrase Jones
#4158, aired 2002-10-02BROADWAY STARS: This Tony-winning actor with the real name Joseph took part of his stage name from a role in "Guys and Dolls" Nathan Lane
#4157, aired 2002-10-01COMIC STRIPS: He's Willi Wakker in Germany, Angelo Capello in Italy & Andre Chapeau in France Andy Capp
#4156, aired 2002-09-30WORLD FLAGS: This Mediterranean country is the world's only nation whose flag bears a geographic outline of itself Cyprus
#4155, aired 2002-09-27THE EAST COAST: It's the only U.S. island allowed to use a possessive apostrophe by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names Martha's Vineyard
#4154, aired 2002-09-26WORLD LEADERS: In April 1952 he wrote in a poem, "Cherry blossoms are blooming full today, now is the nation's springtime" Emperor Hirohito
#4153, aired 2002-09-25MOVIE MOUNTAINS: This peak is featured in the 1959 Disney film "Third Man on the Mountain", where it's called "The Citadel" the Matterhorn
#4152, aired 2002-09-24WORLD NATIONS: Of the world nations whose English names contain "land", this nation has the most people, 60 million Thailand
#4151, aired 2002-09-23INAUGURAL ADDRESSES: A New Deal Democrat in his youth, this president stated, "Government is not the solution to our problem" Ronald Reagan
#4150, aired 2002-09-20HISTORIC OBJECTS: It's the historic object seen here [marked "1620"] Plymouth Rock
#4149, aired 2002-09-19EXPLORERS: Sailing on behalf of Spain in 1519, this Portuguese explorer's trip proved the Americas were a new world Ferdinand Magellan
#4148, aired 2002-09-18THE 7 ANCIENT WONDERS: The oldest of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World, they're also the only ones still standing today the Pyramids
#4147, aired 2002-09-17STATE FACTS: In August 1959 a coin toss helped Hiram L. Fong become this state's senior senator Hawaii
#4146, aired 2002-09-16ON THE CALENDAR: In 1974, to save energy, it began in January instead of April & ended on October 27 Daylight saving time
#4145, aired 2002-09-13PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS: The first winning presidential ticket of 2 sitting U.S. senators was the ticket of these 2 men John F. Kennedy & Lyndon B. Johnson
#4144, aired 2002-09-12U.S. HISTORY: Dating back to the revolution, it's the oldest continuously occupied military post in the United States West Point
#4143, aired 2002-09-11BASEBALL: It's the only team to win World Series titles in 3 different cities for which it played the Braves (Boston, Milwaukee & Atlanta)
#4142, aired 2002-09-10BY THE NUMBERS: In the 1800s Carl Wunderlich got this number by averaging over a million readings from armpits of 25,000 patients 98.6 degrees
#4141, aired 2002-09-09POETS: She has over 30 honorary degrees, wrote a poem for Clinton's first inauguration & now has a line of Hallmark Cards Maya Angelou
#4140, aired 2002-09-06SPORTS STARS: He's the only athlete in history to play in both the Super Bowl & the World Series Deion Sanders
#4139, aired 2002-09-05TECHNOLOGY: After a demonstration of this, the April 8, 1927 New York Times said, "Commercial use in doubt" television
#4138, aired 2002-09-04NEW YORK CITY LANDMARKS: Moving several times, the first was originally P.T. Barnum's Monster Classical and Geological Hippodrome Madison Square Garden
#4137, aired 2002-09-03SEPTEMBER 1984: History-making woman whose Sept. 1984 itinerary included speeches in Dallas, Spokane, Syracuse & Youngstown Geraldine Ferraro
#4136, aired 2002-09-02STATUES: On May 8, 2002 the city of Minneapolis placed a statue of this fictional character at the corner of 7th St. & Nicollet Mall Mary Richards
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